Bittacus punctiger  Westwood, 1846

 

Diagnosis:  This species has distinctive spotting on all femora that no other North American hanging-fly has.  The wings are amber with dark shading of crossveins.  The male epiandrial lobes are longer than the basistyles with a dorso-apical point.  The proctiger sticks out high above the epiandrial lobes.  The cerci are longer than the basistyles. 

 

Distribution – Geographical:  This species is found in the southeastern U.S.A. from Maryland to northern Florida and westward to Texas and southern Illinois (Webb et al., 1975).

 

Distribution – Temporal:  This is an early season species, with adults being collected in late May and June.

 

Ecology:  Adults are found in understory brush associated with shaded, forests of high humidity, such as found along stream banks.

 

Biology:  Setty (1940) described the immature stages and rates of development of this species.

 

Notes:  The name punctiger refers to the dark spots on the femora.

 

References:

 

Setty, L.R. 1940. Biology and morphology of some North American Bittacidae (Order Mecoptera). American Midland Naturalist, 23:257-353.

 

Webb, D.W., N.D. Penny, and J.C. Marlin. 1975. The Mecoptera, or Scorpion-flies, of Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin, 31:251-316.

 

Westwood, J.O. 1846. A Monograph of the Genus Panorpa, with Descriptions of some Species belonging to other allied Genera. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 4:184-196.

 

Mecoptera

A Bibliography of Mecoptera

 

A World Catalog of Mecoptera

The Mecoptera of Taiwan

The Mecoptera of North America

 

The Mecoptera of Chile

 

The Mecoptera of Mexico (in progress)

 

The Mecoptera of Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China (in progress)

Contact

  • Norm Penny
  • Collections Manager
  • California Academy of Sciences
  • 55 Music Concourse Drive
  • San Francisco, CA 94118
  • 415-379-5320 (direct)