Bittacus texanus  Banks, 1908


Diagnosis:  This is a large, dark brown species with wings tinted yellow to pale brown.  The male epiandrial lobes are long and narrow with small dark denticles along the ventral margin in the basal half.


Distribution – Geographical:  This species is known from Florida and Texas (Carpenter, 1931) and New Mexico and Kansas (Byers, 1954).   There is some skepticism about the single Florida record (Byers, 1993; Somma and Dunford, 2008).


Distribution – Temporal:  This species appears to emerge in late July  to early September in Kansas to July to late October in Texas.  Apparently most common in late summer and early fall.


Ecology:  Individuals have been collected in open grassland to sparsely shaded, grassy savannahs.


Biology:  Nothing is known of immature stages or life history.


Notes:  This species is very similar to Bittacus stigmaterus.  However, this latter species is somewhat smaller, paler colored, and the male epiandrial lobes are not quite as elongated.




Banks, N. 1908. Neuropteroid insects - notes and descriptions. Transactions of the American Entomological Society  34:255-267.


Byers, G.W. 1954. Notes on North American Mecoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 47:484-510.


-----. 1993. Autumnal Mecoptera of southeastern United States. University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 55(2):57-96.


Carpenter, F.M. 1931. Revision of the Nearctic Mecoptera. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology  72:205-277.


Somma, L.A. and J.C. Dunford. 2008. Preliminary checklist of the Mecoptera of Florida: Earwigflies, hangingflies, and scorpionflies. Insecta Mundi (0042): 1-9.



A Bibliography of Mecoptera


A World Catalog of Mecoptera

The Mecoptera of Taiwan

The Mecoptera of North America


The Mecoptera of Chile


The Mecoptera of Mexico (in progress)


The Mecoptera of Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China (in progress)


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