Brachypanorpa carolinensis  (Banks, 1905)


Diagnosis:  This species may be differentiated from the only other eastern U.S. species of Brachypanorpa , B. jeffersoni, by its larger average size and darker coloration; and by the absence of ocellar setae.  Males lack a ridge-like projection along the ventral edge of the dististylar basal lobe.  Females have wings that extend to the tip of the abdomen, while wings of female B. jeffersoni extend only to the second abdominal segment (Byers, 1976).


Distribution – Geographical:  The Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina and northern Georgia at 915 to 2040 m elevation.


Distribution – Temporal:  15 May until 18 July (Byers, 1997).


Ecology:  As indicated by Byers (1997), individuals rest on a variety of low, herbaceous plants in the montane forest, but the species of plant may vary with the elevation.  The habitat always appears to include old, rotting logs in an advanced state of decay.  Adults appear in pockets of what is a far larger, generalized habitat.


Biology:  Byers (1997) has found that this species lays eggs in clusters in rotting wood and soil.  Larvae are scarabaeiform, lack prologs, are blind, and live in the soil.  Larval food is still unknown.


Notes:  The name Brachypanorpa refers to the short wings of the females, and carolinensis refers to their distribution in western North Carolina.



Banks, N. 1905. Descriptions of New Species of Neuropterous Insects from the Black Mountains, N.C. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 21:215-218.


Byers, G.W. 1976. A new Appalachian Brachypanorpa (Mecoptera: Panorpodidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 49(3):433-440.


-----.  1997b.  Biology of Brachypanorpa (Mecoptera: Panorpodidae).  Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 70(4):313-322.



A Bibliography of Mecoptera


A World Catalog of Mecoptera

The Mecoptera of Taiwan

The Mecoptera of North America


The Mecoptera of Chile


The Mecoptera of Mexico (in progress)


The Mecoptera of Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China (in progress)


  • Norm Penny
  • Collections Manager
  • California Academy of Sciences
  • 55 Music Concourse Drive
  • San Francisco, CA 94118
  • 415-379-5320 (direct)