Panorpa americana  Swederus, 1787

 

Diagnosis:  This species is a part of the helena group with three complete bands across the wings.  Males have an anal horn on the 6th abdominal segment; dorsal parameres that are long and appear apically truncate in ventral view; and a flat disc for a basal lobe of the dististyles.  It differs from P. helena by having broad wings with yellow-tinted membrane and a merged first basal spot and humeral spot.  Panorpa insolens has clear, transparent membrane on wings between bands, no bristles at the apico-mesal angle of the basistyles, and smooth vental parameres that cross apically.

 

Distribution – Geographical:  This species is found along the Gulf Coast states of the U.S.A. and along the Atlantic Coast states as far north as New Jersey.

 

Distribution – Temporal:  Late September until early November at lowland elevations below 300 m, except for one population at Yonah Mountain, Georgia, where adults emerge from 10-20 June at elevations between 450 and 850 m (Byers, 1993).

 

Ecology:  This species appears to be found rather irregularly in forest-field ecotome habitats that contain honeysuckle, brambles, greenbrier, and poison ivy.  Adults seem to rest very low on the vegetation (Byers, 1993).

 

Biology:  Nothing is known of the immature stages or life history.

 

Notes:

 

References:


Byers, G.W. 1993. Autumnal Mecoptera of southeastern United States. University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 55(2):57-96.

 

Swederus, N. 1787. Fortsattning af beskrifningen pa 50 nya species af Insekter. Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsAkademiens Handlingar, 8:276-290.

 

Mecoptera

A Bibliography of Mecoptera

 

A World Catalog of Mecoptera

The Mecoptera of Taiwan

The Mecoptera of North America

 

The Mecoptera of Chile

 

The Mecoptera of Mexico (in progress)

 

The Mecoptera of Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China (in progress)

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