Panorpa gracilis  Carpenter, 1931


Diagnosis:  This species is a part of the dissimilis group characterized by one basal spot along the costal margin of the forewing; hypovalves that do not reach to the apex of the basistyles; and ventral parameres that are long and unbranched.  Panorpa gracilis can be distinguished from other members of the group by the sigmoidally curved ventral parameres that bend at nearly a right angle and cross near the base of the dististyles.


Distribution – Geographical:  This species is only known from Virginia and North Carolina (Byers, 1993).


Distribution – Temporal:  26 April to 8 October.


Ecology: Byers (1993) found this species near a clear flowing stream shaded by oaks, hickory, sycamore, red gum, and bald cypress.  The adults were resting on an understory vegetation of poison ivy, greenbriar, Carex, and spiderworts (Tradescantia).


Biology:  There appears to be both a spring and fall emergence of adults.  Nothing is known of immature stages.


Notes:  The long, thick, sharply bent ventral parameres are characteristic of this species.




Byers, G.W.. 1993. Autumnal Mecoptera of southeastern United States. University of Kansas Science Bulletin,  55(2):57-96.


Carpenter, F.M. 1931. Revision of the Nearctic Mecoptera. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 72:205-277.



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