Neopanorpa makii  Issiki, 1927


Diagnosis: 
Vertex black, without orange markings.  Notum entirely black.  Wings transparent, without yellow tint.  Male hypovalves shorter than basistyles, with narrow stalk and broadly rounded apex.  Basal lobe of dististyles almost completely bilobed with basal part a thin plate.  Female genital plate with basal portion long and narrow.


Distribution – Geographical
:  Chiayi County, Alishan Township, Arisan [Alishan], 23°26’ 04.06” N, 120°46’42.13”E, June, 1914, M. Maki, 1♂ (TARI); Hori, May 1913, M. Maki, 1♂ (TARI); Funkiko, Arisan [Alishan], 6 May 1926, S. Issiki, 1♂, 4♀♀ (Issiki Collection).  Yie (1951) records this species from Miharashi ( = Yü-shih)[perhaps Nantou County, Ren-ai Township, 24°02’52”N, 121°09’22”E), 1700 m, May to June; Musha (= Wushe, Ren-ai, Nantou County, 24.02655°N, 121.11753°E), 1200 m, May. Additional specimens include: Musya, 27 March 1943, S. Issiki, 1♂ (USNM); Higasinoko, 3 June 1943, S. Issiki, 1♀ (USNM); Taiheisan, 10 May 1942, S. Issiki, 3♀♀ (USNM); Taoyuan, Upper Palin, 600 m, 11 April 1998, R.B. Miller, L.A. Stange, and H.-Y. Wang (FSCA); Taoyuan, Palin Bridge, 16 May 1998, R.B. Miller, L.A. Stange, and H.-Y. Wang (FSCA); Hsinchu County, Shei-Pa National Park, Wa-Lu East, 24°30.095’N, 121°07/439’E, 2043 m, 30 April 2010, A. & N. Penny, M.-H. Tsou, and C.-F. Lee, 1♀ (CAS); road to Shei-Pa National Park, km 10, 24°32.104’N, 121°05.856’E, 1145 m, 29 April 2010, A. & N. Penny, M.-H. Tsou, and C.-F. Lee, 1♀ (CAS).

 

Distribution – Temporal:  Records indicate an adult emergence between late March and early June,  with a peak in May.

 

Ecology:  This appears to be a rather high altitude species for Neopanorpa with records from 1145 m to 2043 m.  The habitat is mixed evergreen-deciduous forest with steep drainage.

 

Biology:  Yie (1951) indicates that there are 30.5 eggs per egg cluster.  The morphology and development of the immature stages is discussed.

 

Notes:  This is one of two Taiwanese species with males having narrowly stalked hypovalves, the other being  N. similis Byers.  These two species are also similar in that they both have dark vertex of the head, dark notal area of meso- and metanota, and females have a long axial portion of the genital plate.  However, males of N. makii have wider wing markings and no apical notch to the 9th tergite.

 

References:

 

Byers, G.W.  1994.  Taiwanese species of Neopanorpa (Insecta: Mecoptera: Panorpidae).  Annals of the Carnegie Museum  63(2):185-192.

 

Issiki, S. 1927. New and Rare Species of Mecoptera from Corea, Formosa and Japan. Insecta Matsumurana, 2:1-12.

 

Yie, S.-T. 1951. The Biology of Formosan Panorpidae and Morphology of Eleven Species of their immature Stages. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, 2(4):1-111.

 

 

 

  

Mecoptera

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