Neopanorpa youngi Byers, 1994
Diagnosis: Vertex of head dark brown medially and yellowish brown laterally. Meso- and metanota dark brown medially and yellowish brown laterally. Diagonal band connecting basal branch of pterostigmal band to marginal spot. Male hypovalves elongated triangle with oval opening at base. Females have a dark, rounded lobe at the base of the lateral appendages.
Distribution – Geographical: Kaohsiung County, Shanpin, 22°58’10”N, 120°41’14”E, 640 m, 11-20 April 1988, J. Rawlins, C.-W. Young, and R. Davidson, 2♂♂, 2♀♀ (including holotype, allotype, and 2 paratypes)(CMNH, SEM); same data, except 21-30 April 1988, 1♂ (paratype) (CMNH); same data, except 1-10 May 1988, 1♂ (paratype)(CMNH).
Distribution – Temporal: All specimens were collected from 11 April until 10 May.
Ecology: This species appears to inhabit lowland coastal forests in the southwestern part of Taiwan.
Biology: Nothing is known of immature stages or life history.
Notes: This is one of five closely-related species of Neopanorpa in Taiwan that have paler markings laterally on the head, meso- and metanota. Males have elongated triangular hypovalves with an oval opening near the base. The most distinctive features of this species are the dark lobes at the base of the lateral appendages of the female genital plate. Males can be separated as follows: males of N. sauteri have a very elongate notal organ the extends above most of the abdomen; males of N. kmaculata and N. gradana have hypovalves that are swollen, face each other, are apically rounded, and extend half the length of the dististyles. Neopanorpa ophthalmica is probably the most closely related, but males can be separated by the broader tips of the hypovalves and somewhat different orientation of the basal tooth of the dististyles.
The type locality is listed at 640 m elevation in the original description, but the collector indicates that the elevation of this locality is 754 m.
This species is named for Dr. Chen Wen Young, a Tipulidae specialist at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who was born and raised in Taiwan. He has collected many Mecoptera during his numerous field trips because of his ties to his Ph.D. thesis advisor, Dr. George W. Byers of the University of Kansas.
Byers, G.W. 1994. Taiwanese species of Neopanorpa (Insecta: Mecoptera: Panorpidae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 63(2):185-192.
Cheng, F.-y. 1952. Additions to the Mecopterous Fauna of Formosa. Psyche. 59:89-95.