Panorpa apiconebulosa  Issiki, 1929b

This species is most easily recognized by elements of the male genitalia.  The male hypovalves are deeply separated, almost to the base of the 9th sternite, and extend only about 2/3 the length of the basistyles.   The ventral parameres are elongate and unbranched,  and reach beyond the basal lobe of the dististyles, with setae all along the mesal surface.  The dorsal lobes of the aedeagus are divergent, forming a V-shaped central cavity with small dark knobs at the base.

Distribution – Geographical: 
This species was originally collected at Higashinōkō (east side of south peak of Mt.Kiraishusan)(now = Tungnunkao = East Nenggao, 24.0226°N, 121.3055°E), 7000 ft.[= 2133.6 m], 27 June 1927, S. Issiki, 2♂♂, 1♀ (depository ?).  Issiki and Cheng (1947) recorded 1♀ from Karenko, 20 July – 4 August 1919, T. Okuni, J. Sonan, K. Mik., and M. Yoshina (NTU) that they indicated was the allotype for this species.


Distribution – Temporal:  Known only from collections in June to early August.

This species is found in a high elevation, forested habitat.

Nothing is known of immature stages or life cycle.

This species is very similar to P. pallidimaculata, except that the latter species has a baso-medial spur on the ventral parameres.


Issiki, S.  1929b.  Descriptions of new Mecoptera from the Japanese Empire.  Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa  19:260-314.

Issiki, S. and F.-y. Cheng.  1947.  Formosan Mecoptera with Descriptions of new Species.  Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University  1(4):1-17.  3 plates.

Yie, S.-T. 1951. The Biology of Formosan Panorpidae and Morphology of Eleven Species of their immature Stages. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, 2(4):1-111.




A Bibliography of Mecoptera


A World Catalog of Mecoptera

The Mecoptera of Taiwan

The Mecoptera of North America


The Mecoptera of Chile


The Mecoptera of Mexico (in progress)


The Mecoptera of Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China (in progress)


  • Norm Penny
  • Collections Manager
  • California Academy of Sciences
  • 55 Music Concourse Drive
  • San Francisco, CA 94118
  • 415-379-5320 (direct)